Thesis: Emmanuel PASCO
Dec 09, 2013
from 10:00 to 12:30
|Contact Name||Emmanuel Pasco-Viel|
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December, 9th, Emmanuel Pasco from Laurent Viriot's team will defend his thesis:
"Evolution de la denture pharyngienne des Cypriniformes"
|Cypriniformes are the most diverse freshwater fish clade with around 4,000 species. They are characterized by the absence of oral teeth and the presence of pharyngeal teeth restricted to the fifth ceratobranchials. Yet, compared to other groups, their pharyngeal dentition displays a huge diversity both in terms of number and shape. I have investigated the extant of the diversity of the pharyngeal dentition in Cypriniformes, in a phylogenetic framework, allowing to decipher evolutionary trends. I have studied several groups within Cypriniformes in more details, because of their importance in terms of diversity. I have tried to understand what factors could explain this diversity of pharyngeal dentition and it appeared that those factors could be different according to each group. Whereas diet and other ecological factors are important in Cyprininae, it is not the case in Leuciscinae in which there are essentially phylogenetic signals. In another group, Danioninae, it is the type of development which explains the diversity of pharyngeal dentition. This detailed study of the diversity of pharyngeal dentition in Cypriniformes will allow to use this group as a new model of Evo/devo of teeth thanks to the zebrafish, which is already a model in developmental biology. In this context, a first study of a zebrafish mutant displaying dental defects has shown the role of retinoic acid in the development and the evolution of tooth number and shape in Cypriniformes. |
This work is an exploration of the diversity of the pharyngeal dentition in Cypriniformes, allowing to point out evolutionary trends and to understand factors that account for the evolution of pharyngeal teeth.