Thesis: Julie CARNESECCHI
Oct 07, 2014
from 02:00 to 05:30
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Julie CARNESECCHI from the team of Jean-Marc Vanacker (Physiopathology of orphan nuclear receptors) will defend her thesis en titled:
"An interactive network between ERRα-LSD1 promotes gene transcription via H3K9 demethylation"
This event is schudeled for October 7th at 02:00PM in Salle des Thèses Chantal Rabourdin-Combes (ENS, Monod campus).
Nuclear receptors are transcription factors that cooperate with chromatin associated factors to promote their activities. These transcriptional complexes are able to modulate the chromatin landscape to repress or promote transcription. Interestingly, there is an intricate cross-talk between these complexes and the chromatin environment that can influence each other to coordinate gene expression led by nuclear receptors. Post-translational modifications of histones regulate in part, DNA accessibility and the activities of nuclear receptors. One of these histone modifiers is LSD1, which is known to demethylate lysines 4 (H3K4) and 9 (H3K9) on histone 3. This manuscript focuses on the discovered LSD1-ERRα complex in human cancer cell lines. LSD1 interacts with ERRα, hence, modulates ERRα protein stability via a demethylation independent manner. Moreover, LSD1 is able to demethylate H3K4me2 in vitro but not H3K9me2. Interestingly, we observed that ERRα is able to switch LSD1 activity toward H3K9me2 to promote gene transcription without any additional cofactor in vitro. To confirm this effect in vivo, a transcriptomic analysis on mammary cancer cells was performed and highlights common target genes between ERRα and LSD1. We selected 10 genes activated by both and verified ERRα and LSD1 recruitment on these targets. Moreover, upon knock-down of ERRα or LSD1, the transcriptional start sites of activated genes -bound and regulated by both proteins- are enriched in the repressive mark H3K9me2. Altogether, these results describe a positive regulation of ERRα by LSD1 which in turn, drives the demethylase activity on H3K9me2 to promote transcription. Finally, these data highlight a direct function of ERRα on chromatin landscape.
Key words: ERRα, LSD1, chromatin, transcription, protein stability, demethylation, nuclear receptor, histone.